Medieval village of Geridu

15For the village it has been reported from the twelfth century in some written sources of Liguria and Tuscany, until you get to the Aragonese documents drawn up between the mid-fourteenth to mid-seventeenth century. The village of Geridu administratively placed in Curatoria of Romangia, together with the countries of Sip, Sennori, Gennor, Taniga and Uruspe, began to undergo the phenomenon dell’emigrazioni from the second half of the fourteenth century, and up to its complete extinction in the early decades of the sixteenth century, almost certainly caused by a heavy tax burden on the part of Sassari and the Aragonese, as well as by pestilence and by the guerrillas. To learn more we recommend a visit to the Archaeological Museum “GASanna” of Sassari – Mediaeval – and the Museum Theme “Biddas” at the Baron’s Palace in Sorso.

How to get
From Sassari (the provincial capital) Geridu is located along the provincial road 25 Sassari-Sip, about 2 km from latter ‘you will find the site of archaeological interest.
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Environment
The medieval village of Geridu is just a few kilometers away from the town of Sip, is located on a low hill in the countryside of Sip, in an area rich in archaeological, near the “cave” of St. Andrew (which takes its name from the church brought to light by a speech by digging in the 80s).

Description
The medieval village of Geridu owes its rebirth to the excavation works carried out since the eighties and lasted until 1995, edited by the” University of Sassari, and in particular the teacher Marco Milanese. During the medieval period the village was part of a network of commercial traffic, which covered the north-western Sardinia and used it as a stopover port of Torres, as evidenced by the discovery of ceramics produced in different areas of the western Mediterranean, in particular Spain, Liguria, Tuscany, southern Italy, and North Africa. Of course, the main activity of the merchants who sailed the Mediterranean Sea, was intended exclusively for the carriage of grain, honey, wine and olive oil, so the pottery, found in all the excavations, was hidden in the holds of ships for be hidden from the controls. Historically the first news Geridu, date back to the twelfth century where in I condaghe S. Peter Silki (currently within the urban context of Sassari) are remembered two inhabitants of Geridu, there are also other news about the village until the final stage of the thirteenth century. Ben legends present on the village of Geridu, particularly in the stories of the reporter De Castro lived in the fifteenth century, we paint a wonderful place, characterized by the presence of a temple dedicated to Apollo, an amphitheater, a sacred grove known as Helicem of numerous towers, and walls. In the first half of the fifteenth century, the area was used as a quarry for building materials for the hands of the inhabitants of the neighboring areas, damaging such an important historical heritage. Archaeological research at the site has provided important information about the topography of the village, with the identification of craft areas, and materials used for the construction of buildings and interior decor. The studies were also directed towards the reconstruction of the domestic life of the medieval period and the economic and social life, there have been many everyday objects brought to light, think of the pots, the pans, and jugs. The houses were built with the use of limestone and clay for the construction of the walls, tiles supported by sturdy wooden beams for the installation of roofs, clay flooring, the center of which stood a wooden pole which underpinned the main beam of the roof. The archaeological area also includes the church of Sant’Andrea with the nearby cemetery and privileged large building found during the archaeological excavations conducted in 1999.

Access to the site is free, you just have to close the gate after the visit. Upon booking you can take advantage of the guided tour by bus to the three archaeological sites Geridu, Santa Filitica, Greenhouse Niedda, as well as the permanent exhibition at the archaeological Baron’s Palace. For information, contact the Department of Culture, tel 079/3055068. From May to September you can also contact the IAT (CVB): tel. 079/3392258, 3120063; iat@comune.sorso.ss.it

author: Antonio Fonsa

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