Sanctuary nuragico of Serra Niedda

PThis sanctuary was excavated and studied from 1985 to 1988 by Daniela dott.sa Ruin. . Currently you can see a large circular building and a holy well with circular chamber, equipped with a descending ramp consists of 11 semicircular steps, made of limestone blocks, except the last three which are carved directly into the rock. In this site were found many artifacts and numerous bronzes, which are now in the Museum of Sanna Sassari, including a model of a dolmen with four towers and a tribal leader carrying a spear with a mouflon ram or on a leash. The site is dated between the late Bronze Age and early Iron Age

How to get
Exit from Sassari and take the S.S. 200 to Castelsardo. Once the village of Sip, follow the signs for the library Salvatore Farina (via Siglienti), arrived to continue for another 500 meters until you reach the junction, keep to the left and continue on the road to natural background. Continue for 1 km and then turn right, continue for another 300 meters until you arrive at the site that you will find on your right, easily recognizable because it is completely fenced.
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environment
The archaeological site is located in the hinterland of the Gulf dell, in northern Sardinia.

Description
The complex includes a sacred well, around which are arranged in a building isodomic and several huts built at different times. The temple consists of a well – according to architectural forms recurring in this type of monuments – from one cell to be accessed by a circular staircase turned to O, the building does not have, conversely, the vestibule it usually precedes the stairwell. The room of the shaft (diameter 2 m), covered with a “tholos” and today svettata (alt. maximum residual 4,40 m), is carved into the rock and has the floor slightly concave rather uneven. The scale (width 1.20 m, length. 3,35 m; prof. 3.30 m) descends to the room with fourteen steps, of which eleven are made with limestone slabs and the last three carved into the rock. The space, now devoid of cover, follows a semicircular unusual in this type monumental. At about seven meters from the well, in the N direction, the building is located in isodomic. The building is only stored for a spin, has a large circular chamber (diameter 6 m), from which starts a corridor splayed (length 9 m). It is difficult to say what was the function of the building. Between the two main monuments, is located in a limestone monolith cylindrical (diameter 0.80 m, alt. 0.55 m), without the top and perhaps be interpreted as an altar. An additional structure is present at the limit of the archaeological SO: it is a rock-hewn cistern and reused, perhaps in the Middle Ages as Other buildings are developed beyond the excavated area documenting the complex articulation and extension of the site. The complex is dated to the late Middle Bronze Age – Late Bronze – Bronze Age – Early Iron Age. The archaeological material found during the excavations – especially around the monolith – is made up of votive objects of bronze (some figures of bidders and bids), bones of sacrificed animals and materials of the Roman testify that the prolonged use of the area.

Access to the site is free. Upon booking you can take advantage of the guided tour by bus to the three archaeological sites Geridu, Santa Filitica, Greenhouse Niedda, as well as the permanent exhibition at the archaeological Baron’s Palace. For information, contact the Department of Culture, tel 079/3055068. From May to September you can also contact the IAT (CVB): tel. 079/3392258, 3120063; iat@comune.sorso.ss.it

author: Antonio Fonsa

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