The City

citta Sorso ( Sòssu in sorsese ) is a city of about 14,891 inhabitants and is located in the province of Sassari ( it is the fourth most populated municipality of the imposition of new provinces ) , in the ancient region of Sassari. It has an area of 67,1 square kilometers and overlooks the Gulf of. It has a winery and its products has joined the ranks of the city of wine.

Etymology of the name

For the name of Sip were assumed different etymologies . According to the most likely, the name derives dall’avverbio logudorese I josso /i zosso (from the Latin deorsum I , or ” down “, ” to the low “,” below “) , which became Zorso i, and Sip (or i Sossu ) , indicating lower altitude than the nearby Sennori . The name of Sip , for the first time , is quoted in the Condaghe of S. Peter Silki ( 1065-1180 ) . The name also appears several times in the acts of Condaghe of the church of St. Nicholas of Trullas ( Semer ) , precious document written between 1115 and 1176, in which are mentioned the names of I Barusone de Sip, < i> Gosantine de Sip , i Furatu de Sip , in the same Kondaghe reads ” i made a gift of Athen Iorgia woman on his deathbed , his domo Sip with all its appurtenances and jump and land and vineyards court and servants and reeds and palm grove . ” The family of Athens , many of whose members were members of the Corona de Logu in the palace of Ardara, had property in Alghero . It is likely that the name has originated from a Latin adverb I sursum versus , ” up “, ” upward ” , this is probably to indicate the elevated position of the country than that of Turris Lybisonis ( current Porto Torres) , from which the turrenses were leaving to go to Sip . The inhabitants of Sip sorsensi are appointed or sorsinchi , from Latin incola I , ie inhabitant ( I – sors inchi , the inhabitants of Sip ) .

Dialect

Feature the local dialect , the Sassari or I Turritan from the name of the judge of Torres , with whom the city finds an affinity with Sassari , Porto Torres and Stintino as they share the same language . This was born in the age of judged by the mixture of elements Tuscan , Ligurian and Corsican and Sardinian logudorese the next strong influence over the centuries , ceased only in the twentieth century with the prevalent use of Italian, so he created a language I boundary , the transition between the Sardinian spoken in the rest of the island and the Corsican spoken in Gallura and the nearby island . For the nearby Sennori instead is a great feature , in fact they speak Sardinian logudorese , albeit with the odd feature to have in the plural only nouns in the masculine gender ; most likely influenced by the morphology of Sassari / Sorsese where the plural is the same for the masculine and the feminine .

Territory

Sip enjoys a geographical location of great landscape value ; located at the center of a natural amphitheater between Porto Torres and Castelsardo , the City of Sip dell overlooks the Gulf and the island of the same name , which since 1997 for its natural heritage is National Park . Its territory is entirely flat or collinare.Il view you can enjoy from the hills sorsensi is always attractive during all seasons of the year. The sea of the Gulf , the campaign cultivated with great care , the coastal pinewood offer a polychrome on which dominate the different shades of green vineyards , olive groves and pine trees. The coast between Porto Torres and Castelsardo, is bordered by the pond Platamona west and Punta Tramontana to the east , and runs for 18 kilometers of mainly consists of white sandy beaches , a persistent vegetation , and dozens of hectares of green pine trees and juniper thickets that of the sea. Also along the coastline unfold the high sand dunes fairly characteristic drop to the sea called combs , culminating in large areas and short promenade , where there are numerous tourist hotels , resorts, campgrounds , dining and bathing . Safe bathing in the waters of the coast is guaranteed by sandy bottoms rather low, although there are the most profound and beautiful for diving enthusiasts . To spend days of fun are also available with facilities and a fantastic water park . The Marina of Sip is renowned for surf- casting , favored by the abundance of fish in the Gulf of Asinara populated by sea bream, yellowtail , mullet , sea bass . The pine forest that extends behind the large dune area has been planted in the 50s and includes within it a number of other endemic plant species , including secular examples of juniper (Juniperus phoenicea and Juniperus oxicedrus ) the characteristic aroma . Parallel to the coast stretches for 95 hectares of the pond Platamona , elongated , separated from the sea by a strip of pine forest. The name is derived from the name of the pond in the area of Byzantine – greek derivation and meaning ” flat ” . It is a pool – lagoon , once connected to the sea , now fed by the Buddi Buddi Rio and the Rio Pedrugnanu . Typically behind the dunes , has shallow water , low salinity and is populated by eels and carp. The wetland surprised by the lushness of the flora consists of several bands of vegetation, such as cane thickets, reed beds, rushes , and juniper thickets that envelope the perimeter will also appear rare associations of marsh plants such as reed black ( Schoenus nigricans ) and the barrel of the Po ( Erianthus ravennare ) and other plant species endemic to Sardinia and – rides, including woolly safflower and silene of Corsica. A real wealth of the pond of Platamona are also many species of migratory birds and other rare birds and endangered that nest there : his reeds in fact are the ideal habitat for many species of birds both resident of wheelbase as coots , mallards , grebes , hawks , herons , egrets , codons , Red-crested Pochards and , above all, the Purple Gallinule of which there is a small colony in the dense reeds. For these features the area of the pond is recognized as a nature reserve and included in the list of Sites of Community Interest .

History

According to the most probable etymology of the place name derives dall’avverbio logudorese josso / zosso which means “down” (from the Latin deorsum ), then evolved into Zorso , then in Alghero (or Sossu ) . In the territory now falling within the administrative boundaries of the City of Sip the presence of man in prehistoric times is testified by the Domus de Janas ( fairy houses ) , funeral hypogea dating from the Neolithic period ( about 3300-2300 BC) , found in locations L ‘ Abbiu and pietraia . Also noteworthy are the testimonies of age Nuragica (the period of Sardinian history from 1800 to 500 BC and characterized by cyclopean buildings known worldwide as the ” Nuraghe ” ) . Among these testimonies stands out for its characteristic well temple , the complex unearthed at Serra Niedda . The presence Punic ( from the sixth to the third century BC) is attested by the discovery instead of funerary steles , pottery and coins , now in the Museo Nazionale Sanna in Sassari. In Roman times the territory of Sip played a role of great importance due to its strategic position with respect to the neighboring colony of Turris Libissonis and road axis traced by the Romans , the term Romangia Romània derives from the Latin , meaning ” land inhabited by Romans ” . The rich olive oil production and wine ensured the fertility of this land was in fact just by the Romans subject of intense trade with other peoples of the Mediterranean (exchanges witnessed by the discovery of numerous shipwrecks carrying off the coast , in the town Marritza ) . And it is always along the coast Sorso , in Bagni and Santa Filitica , which were found two Roman villas : settlements organized to carry out productive activities linked to agriculture and trade . Other archaeological site of particular interest is that of Geridu , they come from both finds from Roman times Middle Ages. In 1020, the territory of Sip became part of the Curatoria of Sassari , then the judge of Torres . The Age Giudicale , between the tenth and the fourteenth century, was a crucial historical moment for the island during this period Sip was among the territories under the direct influence of the City of Sassari , with which manifests still very apparent affinity , found in the dialect and in the urban structure that is modeled after the capital. After the Aragonese conquest Sip and Romangia were given in fief ( 1440 ) Gonario Gambella , whose dynasty ruled the territory until the seventeenth century, in the Via Fiorentina, on the facade of the so-called House of Rose Gambella (descending Gonario been married to the viceroy of Sardinia Ximen Perez Escriva de Romani ) is still visible on his coat of arms gothic marble . In 1689, the Baron Pietro Amat di San Filippo Marchese married Donna Vittoria Gambella intertwining of the two dynastic families with the history of Sassari. In 1718 the area came under the rule of the Savoy : Sip from that time followed the same historical events of the rest of the island and , further, Italy. The territory of Sip preserves a rich archaeological heritage and composite , well that tells its socio-cultural evolution over the centuries. The journey back in time from the Neolithic period begins with the Domus de Janas ( tombs carved into the rock in the form of vaulted rooms ) spots the Abbiu and Petraia . Two kilometers from the town is the home of the Nuraghe Serra Niedda , formed the foundations of a temple in isodomic , by a cylindrical altar of limestone and a small temple well , partly dug into the rock, with eleven steps leading into the underground. The sanctuary , dedicated to the worship of water , was of great importance in the late Bronze Age and the Iron Age , as evidenced by the precious votive objects found in it , including fifteen bronze figures, partly preserved in the National Museum Sanna in Sassari. In Roman times there were practiced propitiatory cults of fertility of crops dedicated to Demeter – Ceres. The site was recently restored and equipped with facilities to accommodate visitors . The complex of medieval Holy Roman Filitica located along the coast between Sip and Castelsardo . It comprises the remains of a villa of the late imperial age ( III- IV century AD.) : A large cistern for collecting water and a thermal baths and floors covered with mosaic ( one of them is exposed to the Baronial Palace ) . Around the sixth century it was abandoned and then occupied by a community devoted to activities such as working horn and metals. In the seventh century, the site saw the rise of a new village of stone houses, inhabited until the ninth century. Along the road between Sassari and Sip stood the medieval village of Geridu ( XI- XIV century). The village was made up of simple low houses made of stone and mud mortar , separated by narrow lanes which described a regular urban fabric . The houses had tiled roofs supported by a central beam , floor clay with wells for the storage of foodstuffs and clay hearths , you can still see the remains of the main church of the village , S. Andrea (XIV century ) , around which developed the cemetery . A Geridu is dedicated , in the Baron’s Palace , a medieval hall with full-scale reconstruction of part of one of the houses and numerous artifacts .